Descriptive Text : Pengertian, Contoh Paling Lengkap!

Descriptive Text tentang benda, Ibu, Person sampai dengan hewan dalam bahasa inggris dan artinya.  Descriptive text merupakan jenis teks yang isinya menggambarkan suatu objek, seperti orang, tempat, atau benda. Descriptive text bertujuan untuk memberitahu kepada pembaca seperti apa sesuatu atau seseorang yang dideskripsikan.

What is Descriptive Text?

  1. 1.      The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text

Descriptive text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

  1. 2.      The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text

Descriptive text has structure as below:

  • Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described.
  • Description; describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.
  1. 3.      The Language Feature of Descriptive Text
  • Using attributive and identifying process.
  • Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
  • Using simple present tense
  1. 4.      Examples and structures of the text


MacQuarie University

Identification Macquarie University is one of the largest universities in Australia. This year, in 2004, it celebrates its 40th anniversary.
Description The university is located at the North Ryde Greenbelt, Sydney, where the New South Wales government sets aside 135 hectares for the institution. In 1964, Macquarie area was a rural retreat on the city fringe, but today the campus and its surroundings have evolved beyond recognition. The North Ryde District has grown into a district of intensive occupation anchored by a vibrant and growing university.Blessed with a fortunate location and room to breathe, Macquarie can be proud of that careful planning that retains and enrich the university’s most attractive natural features. A pleasing balance between buildings and plating is evident across the campus. This emphasis on the importance of landscape has created images of Macquarie as a place that members of the university are most likely to pleasurably recollect.One of the highlights of the landscape is the Mars Creek zone. It comprises landscaped creek sides and valley floor, a grass amphitheatre, and artificial lake… surrounded by rocks and pebbles, native plants and eucalypts.

Today, a railway station is under construction. In three years1 time, Macquarie will be the only university in Australia with a railway station on site. Macquarie is poised to be the most readily accessible in Sydney region by rail and motorway, yet retaining its beautiful site.



Example of Description

  1. A.     My Friend’s New Shoes

I have a close Friend. She is beautiful, attractive and trendy. She always want to be a trend setter of the day. She always pays much attention on her appearance. Recently, she bought a new stylist foot legs from blowfish shoes products. This shoes really matches on her.

Her new blowfish women’s shoes are wonderful. When she are walking on that shoes, all her friends, including me watch and admire that she has the most suitable shoes on her physical appearance. The style, bright color, and brand represent her as a smart woman of the day. She really have perfect appearance.

She is really mad on that shoes. She said that the products covered all genders. The blowfish men’s shoes are as elegant as she has. The products provide varieties of choice. Ballet, casual, boot athletic shoes are designed in attractive way. The products are international trader mark and become the hottest trend.


  1. B.      Borobudur Temple

Borobudur is Hindu – Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia.

Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.

Generic Structure Analysis

  • Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described in general; Borobudur temple
  • Description; describing the Borobudur temple in parts; eight terraces of Borobudur temple and its characteristics

Language Feature Analysis

  • Using adjective and classifiers; valuable
  • Using simple present tense; Borobudur is well-known,The temple is constructed, etc

Ciri-ciri Kebahasaan Descriptive Text

Definition of Descriptive Text
Definition of Descriptive Text

– Menggunakan pola kalimat simple present tense. (Contoh: It has two legs.)
– Bertujuan untuk menunjukkan daripada menceritakan kepada pembaca seperti apa sesuatu / seseorang itu.
– Hanya berfokus pada satu objek saja.
– Penggunaan kata sifat (adjective). Contoh: a handsome man.
– Penggunaan kata kerja yang menunjukkan suatu kegiatan. Contoh: eat, sleep, walk.

Generic Structure
– Identification
Bagian identification berisi seputar identifikasi tentang suatu hal / seorang yang hendak dideskripsikan.

– Description
BBagaian ini berisi tentang penggambaran tentang suatu hal / seseorang dengan menyebutkan sifat-sifatnya.

Contoh Descriptive Text

My Cat

I have a pet. It is a female cat. Her name is Browny. She is very cute.

Browny has soft fur. Her fur has two colors; brown and black. The brown fur is on her body, face, and neck, and black is on her legs and tail.

Browny like to eat fish. She is also like meat. Every day I give her rice and fish.

Browny is a friendly pet. I love her.


Bandung is the capital city of West Java. It is the largest metropolitan city in West Java.

Bandung is the third most populous city in Indonesia, after Jakarta and Surabaya. It is located 140 km southeast of Jakarta.

Bandung surrounded by mountains. Geographically it is located in the center of West Java province.



Saya punya hewan peliharaaan. Itu adalah kucing betina. Namanya Browny. Dia sangat manis.

Browny punya bulu yang halus. Bulunya memiliki dua warna, coklat dan hitam. Bulu coklatnya ada di badan, wajah, dan lehernya, dan hitam di kaki dan ekornya.

Browny suka makan ikan. Dia juga suka daging. Setiap hari saya memberinya nasi dan ikan.

Browny adalah hewan peliharaan yang ramah. Saya mencintainya.


Bandung adalah ibukota Jawa Barat. Bandung adalah kota metropolitan terbesar di Jawa Barat.

Bandung adalah kota ketiga dengan jumlah penduduk terbanyak di Indonesia, setelah Jakarta dan Surabaya. Bandung terletak 140 km tenggara dari Jakarta.

Bandung dikelilingi gunung. Secara geografis Bandung terletak di tengah provinsi Jawa Barat.

Demikian pengertian dan contoh descriptive text.

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